One of the largest countries on the African continent, Mali gained independence from France on September 22, 1960. Currently led by President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, the West African nation has an estimated population of 14.5 million people spread across a total land area of 1,240,192 km². As of 2018, Mali recorded a GDP of $39.2billion, with its top exports Gold, Raw Cotton, Rough Wood, Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers, and Other Oily Seeds, sold to trading partners that include United Arab Emirates, Switzerland, China, Uganda, and Burkina Faso. The Francophone country has its administrative capital in Bamako and uses the West African CFA Franc (XOF) as its official currency.

Notable Animal Diseases: Sheep and Goat Pox, Peste Des Petit Ruminant, and Bovine Pleuropneumonia